Island with Kayaks, Farran’s Point, Ontario, Canada
Island with Kayaks, Farran’s Point, Ontario, Canada

Island with Kayaks | N 44.58.14 W 75.00.06 | Farran’s Point, Ontario, Canada




In land and in the water two unique landscapes intertwine as one in the St Lawrence Valley between Cardinal and Cornwall, Ontario.

On land there is an uneasy tension; first-time visitors unaware of the area’s recent history feel something not ‘quite right’ or ‘natural’ about the towns and villages. Morrisburg is part 19th century old and 1950s new, the former mostly residential and closer to the water, the latter a strip mall of shops and services with its back to the town – and the river – its front to a ‘modern’ road of wide shoulders. Together with Iroquois, Ingleside and Long Sault, these places have the feel of 1950s planned suburbia, sensible and natural in certain concentric rings around Ottawa, Kingston or Toronto, but discombobulated, disoriented and disorienting in rural Eastern Ontario.

In the water is another landscape of underwater roads, tree stumps, settlement grids, locks, bridges and more. A natural, cultural landscape in a most unusual situation – under water. Here and there, sometimes more, sometimes less – less depending on the seasons and water levels – parts of that watery landscape – an old road, a foundation, a few stumps – rise out of the water and hint at what’s underneath. It pulls on the imagination. Despite all the official efforts to variously ignore, erase and sanitize this watery landscape, it fascinates and attracts locals and outsiders alike.

The watery landscape explains the peculiarities of the cultural landscape, on shore. The two belong to and make sense of each other.


Island with Kayaks, Farran’s Point, Ontario, Canada
Island with Kayaks, Farran’s Point, Ontario, Canada

Island with Kayaks | N 44.58.14 W 75.00.06 | Farran’s Point, Ontario, Canada




In land and in the water two unique landscapes intertwine as one in the St Lawrence Valley between Cardinal and Cornwall, Ontario.

On land there is an uneasy tension; first-time visitors unaware of the area’s recent history feel something not ‘quite right’ or ‘natural’ about the towns and villages. Morrisburg is part 19th century old and 1950s new, the former mostly residential and closer to the water, the latter a strip mall of shops and services with its back to the town – and the river – its front to a ‘modern’ road of wide shoulders. Together with Iroquois, Ingleside and Long Sault, these places have the feel of 1950s planned suburbia, sensible and natural in certain concentric rings around Ottawa, Kingston or Toronto, but discombobulated, disoriented and disorienting in rural Eastern Ontario.

In the water is another landscape of underwater roads, tree stumps, settlement grids, locks, bridges and more. A natural, cultural landscape in a most unusual situation – under water. Here and there, sometimes more, sometimes less – less depending on the seasons and water levels – parts of that watery landscape – an old road, a foundation, a few stumps – rise out of the water and hint at what’s underneath. It pulls on the imagination. Despite all the official efforts to variously ignore, erase and sanitize this watery landscape, it fascinates and attracts locals and outsiders alike.

The watery landscape explains the peculiarities of the cultural landscape, on shore. The two belong to and make sense of each other.